What is biodynamic wine?
Biodynamics is a method of permaculture farming. The principles of biodynamics are based around the natural ecosystem and the way plants interact with each other in it. So, biodynamic wines are simply those produced according to these principles.
In addition, no chemicals or manufactured additions (like commercial yeast) are allowed in biodynamic wine.
Keep in mind, however, that wines sold as biodynamic today may still contain some sulfites, and can be filtered. Because of this, Caverna do Vinho selects only wines that are natural as well as biodynamic, to ensure the purest product possible.
How does biodynamic farming work?
The production of biodynamic wine is about treating the earth as a living and receptive organism. It uses organic farming methods for fertilizing and composting, and avoids pesticides.
Biodynamic farming uses combinations of natural substances and organic materials - for example, manure, herbs, flowers, and minerals, as well as cow horns, bladders, or skulls - to be buried in the land or sprayed onto compost to keep soil nutrient-rich.
Biodynamic winemakers follow Rudolf Steiner´s formulas to prepare soil supplements and follow a planting calendar based on astronomic positions.
Who was Rudolf Steiner?
Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, and esotericist. In 1924, a group of farmers approached Steiner for advice, concerned about the future of their farms. He responded by sharing ecological and sustainable practices that could increase soil fertility without chemical fertilizers or pesticides. Steiner also recommended timing farm activities to the phases of the moon and position of the planets.